A portion of this project involves assessing Rhode Island’s will ensure that Rhode Island projects receive funding and competitive position in the wind supply chain. To effec- support. These requirements should be phased in over time tively capture substantial market share in the wind en- (i.e., five years) and require a minimum of 35 percent of ergy supply chain, Rhode Island must first determine and these RECs be from Rhode Island projects. Success in this articulate which elements of the supply chain offer the project will speed the pace of change, keep Rhode Island greatest promise. The state will likely not wish to approach on a par with Massachusetts in terms of structural incen- all main elements — from raw materials to operations and tives and lay a solid foundation for growth in the next few maintenance — on equal footing. The state will be better years. positioned to approach certain companies based on local Behavior Change capabilities. Demonstration Projects/Learning Laboratory Business Growth and Adoption Rhode Island should set the East Coast standard for devel- Install 100MW of Onshore Wind Power Capacity oping offshore wind power. Much the same way the New Rhode Island can easily site, approve and install substan- England Institute of Technology’s onshore turbine deliv- tial onshore wind power capacity in the next few years, ers only modest amounts of electricity but also delivers provided that two objectives are reached. First, the RPS an enduring leadership message about the institution, the Current RPS legislation requires National Grid to acquire Create a Dedicated Wind Power R&D FundBusiness Growth /Adoption model. - - 21 v 1.0 -state should vigorously pursue similar demonstration andlearning projects. The Block Island offshore project andthe Quonset wind power hub could be used this way topromote offshore capabilities. They could serve as a learning environment for future workers and, potentially, futureclients for the Rhode Island offshore wind sector. The stateshould inventory all existing assets and planned projectsto see which offer a defined additional value (physicalpresence, learning opportunity, etc.). Similarly, the RhodeIsland Special Area Management Plan (SAMP) process isan innovative approach to science-based ocean mappingand community engagement that could be promoted as a amendment project must increase the size and scope of the Renewable Energy Fund as well as the demand for in-state renewable power generation. Second, the state must create a consistent regulatory environment in all municipalities. The “Massachusetts model” — where the state creates a model ordinance that municipalities then customize and adopt - could work well in Rhode Island. This project, in coordination with the statewide regulation project in the Energy Efficiency section, seeks to create such a model ordinance and submit it to the legislature for adoption. Phase 2 Policy Amend the Renewable Portfolio Standard some of the electricity they sell in Rhode Island from To fulfill its commitment to become a wind power supply renewable sources, usually through purchase of Renewable chain hub for the eastern United States, Rhode Island must Energy Credits (RECs) or, less often, through direct pay begin investing in the research and development that will ment to the state’s Renewable Energy Fund in the form of produce the next generation of wind power technology. an Alternative Compliance Payment (ACP). However, the This project seeks to create a fund of roughly $1 million to RPS includes no requirement that RECs be acquired from fund requests from higher education and research-oriented Rhode Island-based projects. In practice, approximately companies to engage in research specifically targeting 95 percent of RECs are purchased out of state. Amend wind power technology and components. Potentially, this ing the RPS to require that compliance come from RECs could involve a partnership between REF, STAC and others. acquired from in-state production or ACPs paid to the REF Advancing the Green Economy in Rhode Island 18
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